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Forex Dictionary

Term Equivalent terms Definition
Easing Refers to either a small price decline in a currency or when a central bank engages in monetary policy to spur spending. An example of central bank easing would be lowering of interest rates.
ECB Conferences The top functionaries of the European Central Bank (ECB) hold regular press conferences in which they outline Central Bank decisions and concerns.
ECN broker Brokers which provide access to an electronic trading network, supplied with streaming quotes from the top tier banks in the world. By trading through an ECN broker, a currency trader generally benefits from greater price transparency, faster processing, increased liquidity and more availability in the marketplace. See also: Electronic Communication Network.
Economic Indicator Economic indicators such as GDP, unemployment, and the trade balance reflect the general health of an economy, and are therefore responsible for the underlying shifts in supply and demand for that currency.
Electronic Communication Network ECN A term used in financial circles for a type of computer system that facilitates trading of financial products outside of stock exchanges. The primary products that are traded on ECNs are stocks and currencies. FX ECNs brokers provide access to an electronic trading network, supplied with streaming quotes from the top tier banks in the world. By trading through an ECN broker, a currency trader generally benefits from greater price transparency, faster processing, increased liquidity and more availability in the marketplace.
Electronic Funds Transfer EFT Electronic transfer of funds, by telephone or computer, rather than by check or cash. Also called wire transfer.
Elliot Wave Principle A form of technical analysis used to forecast trends in market activity by ascribing a pattern of eight waves to any complete cycle. The eight wave patterns consists of a five-stage advance and a three-stage correction.
End Of Day Order EOD An order to buy or sell at a specified price. This order remains open until the end of the trading day which is typically 5PM ET.
Equities Ownership interest in a corporation in the form of common stock or preferred stock.
Equity Total assets minus total liabilities; also called net worth
Equity Curve The value of a trading account graphed over a period of time.
Escrow Account A segregated account where customer money is kept separate from a dealer's operating funds.
Euribor Euribor® (Euro Interbank Offered Rate) is the rate at which euro interbank term deposits within the euro zone are offered by one prime bank to another prime bank. See also: LIBOR
EURO EUR The currency of the participating member nations of the European Union, it was introduced in 1999 when 11 European countries adopted it, and became the official currency of participating members in 2002. It was adopted to facilitate global trade and encourage the integration of markets across national borders.
Eurocurrency A currency that is deposited in a financial institution located outside the currency's country of origin. For example, a eurodollar is a certificate of deposit in US dollars issued in some other country; likewise, a euroyen is a CD issued in yen outside Japan.
European Central Bank ECB Established in Frankfurt in 1998, the ECB is responsible for all monetary policy decisions that influence the Euro currency, especially the setting of key interest rates. Lately it has been active in lowering interest rates to increase the amount of money in the economy in order to spur growth. Though it has never wanted to become the lender of last resort, it has become such after the sovereign debt crisis, printing and lending money to struggling banks and governments.
European Currency Unit The predecessor of the Euro, established in 1979 and known as a “semi-pegged” system in which currencies were variable with respect to each within a certain range or band.
European Monetary System Originating in 1979 by nine members of the European Community (EC), the EMS comprised three elements: the European Currency Unit (ECU), the monetary unit for EC transactions; the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM), whereby members kept their rates within a band; and the European Monetary Cooperation Fund, which issues the ECU and oversees the ERM. It was a leading initiative leading up to the deployment of the Euro.
European Union Founded by the Treaty of Rome in 1957 as a common market for six nations, it was known as the European Community till Jan 1, 1994 and currently comprises 15 European nations, with the goal to have a single market for goods and services without economic barriers and a common currency (the Euro) with one monetary authority (ECB).
Exchange The physical location of trading activity. Some famous examples include the New York Stock Exchange or the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
Exchange Control Government restrictions (laws and regulations) controlling the exchange of foreign or domestic currency. A government may restrict the purchase of select foreign currencies by domestic citizens, or the purchase of local domestic currency by foreigners. Wikipedia provides a useful list of countries with exchange controls here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_exchange_controls.
Exchange rate The exchange rates (also known as the foreign-exchange rate, forex rate or FX rate) between two currencies specifies how much one currency is worth in terms of the other. For example, if the US Dollar buys 1.20 Canadian dollars, the exchange rate is 1.2 to 1.
Exit Simply closing your position. If long, then an exit is the sale of your long position; if short, the exit is the purchase of the short currency.
Exotics The lesser traded currencies, as opposed to the major currencies which are heavily traded.
Expiration Date The day on which a financial option is no longer valid.
Exposure The net of all long and short positions for a particular currency. Based on the traders' positions for all currencies, his/her exposures can result in either loss or gain.
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